Adjuvant, English is adjuvant, derived from the Latin Adjuvare, meaning to help.Adjuvants have been in use since their invention. The main function of the adjuvant is to assist the immune system to induce, prolong or enhance the specific immune response to the target antigen. Adjuvant, English is adjuvant, derived from the Latin Adjuvare, meaning to help. The main function of the adjuvant is to assist the immune system to induce, prolong or enhance the specific immune response to the target antigen. When a foreign pathogen enters the animal body for the first time, it first encounters the Antigen-Presenting Cell (APC) of the innate immune system, and then the pathogen, infected cells or foreign antigens were engulfed by macrophages and dendritic cells. Then they were broke down in the antigen presenting cells and the fragmented antigens were presented on the cell surface, and would be transferred to the lymph nodes to activate the T lymphocytes or B lymphocytes of the adaptive immune system, thereby producing antigen-bearing Specific cellular immune response or humoral immune response, and produce a memory effect, so that the second response will be faster and stronger than the first one.
As for the classification of adjuvants, usually including organic adjuvants, inorganic adjuvants, synthetic adjuvants, compound adjuvants and other adjuvants, currently widely used is Freund’s adjuvant. And one of the original types of adjuvants is the Aqueous adjuvant.Aqueous adjuvant uses water soluble reagent as its background. The option of the adjuvant is of the greatest importance because it is capable of stimulating defensive immunity.
The major benefit of using the Aqueous Adjuvant is that it can be shot intramuscularly. The strength of the adjuvant can be increased quickly within a short time. The use of this type of Aqueous adjuvant is more beneficial than other types of adjuvants for micro-antigens. This is for the reason that the Aqueous adjuvant needs only a shorter immunization cycle.
The Aqueous Adjuvant works efficiently for immunization purposes. There is an increasing perception of the immune system and its association with protection.
The Aqueous Adjuvant is so far considered the most renowned and sought-after adjuvant among worldwide researchers. This is for the reason that the adjuvant is ideal and safe to use in all types of investigational backgrounds, owing to its effective working mechanisms. The course of action of the adjuvant is also considered to be favorable to researchers as well as the animals which are involved in all the experimental projects.